The Spanish conquistadores took their saddles and headgear with them and from these the
peruvian tack developed.
For the last 250 years it hasn’t changed.
In the past the headgear and saddle was made from rawhide of cattle or goats and heavy
decorated with silver for a luxurious and splendid look. Nowadays the silver is replaced by nickel or stainless steel (RVS).
The Peruvian saddle
The base for the saddle is a frame of wood (cajon), which is covered with leather. The
rings for the stirrups and cinch are covered with rawhide flaps. A thick deck of stitched leather (pellonera) makes the riders seat comfortable. The back of the horse is protected by a woollen
blanket and on top of that a leather blanket (carona).
The saddle is completed by the crouper (baticola) and the hindgear (guarnición) which is
attached to it and which does not have a particular function besides keeping the saddle on it’s place when the horse moves up- or downhill and for decoration. Therefore you see it more often on
shows and contests than in daily work.
The stirrups are made of wood or leather, the ones of wood in a pyramidform and often
decorated with nickel, both with a closed front.
The headgear (jato) consists of a halter with leadrope (jaquima), the headgear itself
(cabeza) with reins (riendas) and loose end (romal), the bit (bocado) and the eyecovers (tapa ojos) which nowadays are just for decoration.
The bit consist two or more rollers, like a kandare with short
A little sperhalter (bosalillo) or a nosebelt made from leather or metal